A run consists of a series of bid and offer quotes for different securities or maturities ( maturity). dealers give and ask for runs from each other. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary

* * *

I. run run 1 [rʌn] verb ran PASTTENSE [ræn] run PASTPART running PRESPART
1. [transitive] to control or be in charge of an organization, company, or system:

• I've always wanted to run my own business.

• For a while, she ran a restaurant in Boston.

• A well-run company should not have problems of this kind.

• a state-run airline

2. [intransitive, transitive] COMPUTING MANUFACTURING if you run a machine or a computer program, you make it work:

• How many times a week do you run your washing machine?

• The software will run on any PC.

• cars that run on unleaded petrol

3. up and running COMPUTING MANUFACTURING working fully and correctly:

• The new system won't be up and running until next week.

4. [intransitive] LAW to continue to be valid (legally or officially acceptable) for a particular period of time:

• The contract runs for a year.

• My car insurance only has another year to run.

5. [intransitive] to happen or take place, especially in the way that was intended:

• So far, it had all run according to plan (= happened in the way that had been planned ) .

• Her job is to ensure university catering runs smoothly (= happens with no unexpected problems ) .

6. [transitive] to operate a bus, train, or plane service:

• They're running special trains to and from the exhibition.

7. be running at something to currently be at a particular level:

• Inflation at that time was running at 10%.

8. be running short of something to have very little of something left:

• The insurance fund was running short of cash.

9. be running late to be doing everything later than planned or expected:

• They were running late, so I didn't get interviewed until nearly 4 o'clock.

10. run a check/​test on somebody/​something to check or test someone or something:

• Car-rental companies are running background checks on drivers who rent for long periods.

• She worked for a company running credit checks on people.

11. [intransitive] to try to be elected in an election:
run for

• He has yet to decide whether to run for chairman.

run against

• the candidates who are hoping to run against the President in November

12. run an advertisement/​a story/​a feature etc to print an advertisement, a story etc in a newspaper or magazine:

• magazines that don't run tobacco ads

• The paper still runs articles that anger dealers.

13. ECONOMICS run a deficit/​surplus to have less or more money than is needed:

• The government is running a large budget surplus.

run something by somebody also run something past somebody phrasal verb [transitive]
to tell someone about an idea or plan so that they can give you their opinion:

• You'd better run it by your manager first.

run down phrasal verb
1. [transitive] run something → down to let an organization gradually become smaller or stop working:

• The coal industry is being slowly run down.

2. [intransitive, transitive] run something → down to use a supply of something without replacing it:

• The Saudis have been running down their financial reserves.

• They have let their sugar stocks run down to extremely low levels.

run into something phrasal verb
1. run into difficulties/​problems/​debt to start to experience difficulties:

• shareholders who sue when institutions run into financial difficulties

2. run into hundreds/​thousands etc to reach an amount of several hundred, several thousand etc:

• Attorneys' fees can run into tens of millions of dollars in business litigation.

3. run something into the ground to harm or destroy a company by using too much of its money:

• I got tired of seeing guys run banks into the ground and then leave with a massive fortune.

run something → off phrasal verb [transitive]
1. to quickly print several copies of something:

• Can you run off a couple of copies of this report?

2. be run off your feet to be very busy:

• It was just before Christmas and all the sales staff were run off their feet.

run out phrasal verb [intransitive]
1. to use all of something and not have any of it left:
run out of

• What happens when we run out of oil?

2. if something runs out, there is then none of it left:

• Regulators close a bank when its capital runs out.

3. if an agreement or other official document runs out, it reaches the end of a period of time when it is officially allowed to continue:

• My contract runs out in September.

run to something phrasal verb [transitive]
to reach a particular amount:

• The damages awarded by the court could run to one billion pounds.

run up phrasal verb
1. run up a bill/​expenses/​debts FINANCE to use a lot of something or borrow a lot of money, so that you owe a lot of money:

• He ran up thousands of pounds worth of debts using other people's credit cards.

2. FINANCE [intransitive] if share prices run up, they increase:

• The stock price had run up just before the deal was announced.

run up against somebody/​something phrasal verb [transitive]
to have to deal with unexpected problems or a difficult opponent:

• We ran up against some unexpected opposition.

  [m0] II. run run 2 noun
1. [countable] a series of similar events, especially successes or failures:
run of

• The company has had a run of spectacularly successful years.

ˈbear run [countable] FINANCE
a period of time when prices fall on a financial market:

• Seoul's bear run continued for its third week, as prices continued to plunge.

ˈbull run [countable] FINANCE
a period of time when prices rise on a financial market:

• The stock market was on a spectacular bull run in which almost any investment paid off.

2. a run on something COMMERCE when a lot of people suddenly buy a particular product:

• Controls were necessary to prevent a run on inexpensive Czech goods.

3. a run on a bank also a bank run BANKING FINANCE when a lot of people all take their money out of a bank at the same time:

• A run on any bank could spread to other banks and threaten the entire system.

• Even a minor bank run could bring down the system.

4. a run on the dollar/​pound etc FINANCE when a lot of people sell dollars, pounds etc and their value goes down:

• Financial markets panicked, causing a run on the Brazilian currency.

5. in the long run at a later time in the future or over a longer period of time:

• The company believes that the move will save it money in the long run.

6. in the short run in the near future:

• The plan does provide some help in the short run.

7. MANUFACTURING an amount of a product that is produced at one time:

• Large production runs are necessary in order to cover the massive fixed costs involved in developing new cars.

• The book has already sold out its initial print run of 20,000 copies.

8. run of book/​paper/​network/​site MARKETING run of book etc advertisements can be put anywhere in a magazine or newspaper, or on any website or part of a website, rather than in a particular place

* * *

run UK US /rʌn/ verb (running, ran, run)
[I or T] to operate, or make something operate: »

Keep clear of the fans while they're running.


Do you know how to run this sort of machinery?


We've run the computer program, but nothing happens.

[T] MANAGEMENT to be in control of or manage something: »

He's been running his own company since he left school.


She left me to run the store while she went on her lunch break.



government-run/family-run/student-run »

The restaurant is a family-run business.



[I or T] TRANSPORT to travel or move in a particular way, or cause something to do this: »

Trains are still running, despite the snow.


A bus runs into town three times a day.


We're running four more trains than usual to accommodate the high number of passengers.

[I or T] to continue or happen, or cause something to continue or happen in a particular way: »

A magazine subscription usually runs for one year.


We'll be running the course for another year.

run smoothly/run according to plan »

To ensure that these projects run smoothly, executives are now encouraged to attend training courses.

[T] to take something to a person or place: run sth over/out/down, etc. to sb/sth »

Can you run these orders over to the warehouse, please?

[I] to be or continue at or near a particular level: run at sth »

Inflation has been running at 2% for the past year.


Supplies are running low.

[T] to show something in a newspaper or magazine, on television, etc.: »

run a story/article/piece


They ran the advertisement on all the major networks for a month.

[I] POLITICS, GOVERNMENT to try to be elected to government or other position in an election: run for sth »

He ran for state Attorney General in 2010.


Meyers decided to run for office again the following year.

run against sb »

She is running against a multi-millionaire businessman.

run a check (on sb/sth) — Cf. run a check on sth
run a test (on sth) — Cf. run a test on sth
run a deficit/surplus — Cf. run a surplus
run a/the risk of doing sth — Cf. run the risk of doing sth
run a tight ship — Cf. run a tight ship
run your eye over sth — Cf. run your eye over sth
be running late — Cf. be running late
run around in circles — Cf. run around in circles
run out of time — Cf. run out of time
run short (of sth) — Cf. run short of sth
run the numbers — Cf. run the numbers
run the rule over sth — Cf. run the rule over sth
run the show — Cf. run the show
See also UP(Cf. ↑up) adjective, RUN ACROSS SB(Cf. ↑run across sb), RUN ACROSS STH(Cf. ↑run across sth), RUN AROUND(Cf. ↑run around), RUN STH BY/PAST SB(Cf. ↑run sth by/past sb), RUN DOWN(Cf. ↑run down), RUN INTO SB(Cf. ↑run into sb), RUN INTO STH(Cf. ↑run into sth), RUN STH OFF(Cf. ↑run sth off), RUN ON(Cf. ↑run on), RUN OUT(Cf. ↑run out), RUN OVER STH(Cf. ↑run over sth), RUN THROUGH STH(Cf. ↑run through sth), RUN TO STH(Cf. ↑run to sth), RUN STH UP(Cf. ↑run sth up), RUN UP AGAINST STH(Cf. ↑run up against sth), RUN WITH STH(Cf. ↑run with sth)
run UK US /rʌn/ noun [C]
PRODUCTION all of a particular product made at one time: »

The first run of 50,000 units sold out in a week.


The book had an initial print run of 3,000 copies.


Smaller production runs are likely to be needed.

a period when a series of good things or bad things happen: a run of good/bad luck »

We've had quite a run of good luck this month.

a run on sth — Cf. a run on sth
a run on the bank — Cf. a run on the bank
See also BANK RUN(Cf. ↑bank run), BEAR RUN(Cf. ↑bear run), BULL RUN(Cf. ↑bull run), CHEQUE RUN(Cf. ↑cheque run), LONG-RUN(Cf. ↑long-run), SHORT-RUN(Cf. ↑short-run), SPLIT RUN(Cf. ↑split run), TEST RUN(Cf. ↑test run)

Financial and business terms. 2012.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Run — Run, v. i. [imp. {Ran}or {Run}; p. p. {Run}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Running}.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen); akin to D …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Run — Run, v. i. [imp. {Ran}or {Run}; p. p. {Run}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Running}.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen); akin to D …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Run — Run, v. i. [imp. {Ran}or {Run}; p. p. {Run}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Running}.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen); akin to D …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • run — ► VERB (running; past ran; past part. run) 1) move at a speed faster than a walk, never having both or all feet on the ground at the same time. 2) move about in a hurried and hectic way. 3) pass or cause to pass: Helen ran her fingers through her …   English terms dictionary

  • run — [run] vi. ran or Dial. run, run, running [altered (with vowel prob. infl. by pp.) < ME rinnen, rennen < ON & OE: ON rinna, to flow, run, renna, to cause to run (< Gmc * rannjan); OE rinnan, iornan: both < Gmc * renwo < IE base * er …   English World dictionary

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  • Run — Run, n. 1. The act of running; as, a long run; a good run; a quick run; to go on the run. [1913 Webster] 2. A small stream; a brook; a creek. [1913 Webster] 3. That which runs or flows in the course of a certain operation, or during a certain… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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